古玩城2021精品推荐第二期:粉彩婴戏纹人物故事天球瓶

发布时间:2021-09-01 08:33:26      来源:网络

从古至今,瓷器在中国一直占据一个重要的地位,瓷器品种丰富,详细分类可达数十种,粉彩是其中的一大类,其位列于中国四大名瓷之一,是唯一可以与青花相媲美的彩瓷。由于粉彩瓷器色彩柔和,瓷画精细优美,因此深受国人的喜爱。目前文物市场上明清两朝彩瓷较多,粉彩尤其突出。近年来粉彩价格在拍卖会久居不下,可见粉彩瓷器不仅有重要的艺术价值,同时也有很高的经济价值。可是近些年来,大量的粉彩瓷器赝品充斥市场,如何辨别真伪,是收藏的重要保障。

Since ancient times, porcelain has occupied an important position in China. Porcelain has a rich variety and can be classified into dozens of kinds in detail. Pastel is one of the major categories. It is listed among the four famous porcelain in China and is the only color porcelain comparable to blue and white. Because the pastel porcelain has soft color and fine and beautiful porcelain paintings, it is deeply loved by Chinese people. At present, there are many colored porcelain in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, especially pastel. In recent years, the price of pastel has been at auction for a long time. It can be seen that pastel porcelain not only has important artistic value, but also has high economic value. However, in recent years, a large number of fake pastel porcelain products have flooded the market. How to distinguish the authenticity is an important guarantee for collection.

 

粉彩瓷是在康熙五彩基础上,受珐琅彩制作工艺的影响而创造的一种釉上彩新品种,始见于康熙晚期,后历朝流行不衰。是在烧好的胎釉上施含砷物的粉底,涂上颜料后用笔洗开,由于砷的乳蚀作用颜色产生粉化效果。乾隆在位期间是清代社会发展的鼎盛时期,尤以艺术领域建树颇丰,景德镇御窑厂荟萃了一代名师巧匠,无论数量或质量都达到了历史的顶峰,故有“大内出样,交御窑厂烧制”,其中,粉彩由原来多用红白地着彩,发展为多种彩色地相配。粉彩是乾隆朝瓷器中所占此重较大的品种之一,在雍正瓷的基础上又有新的突破,造型精美,色彩缤纷,图案丰富,工艺繁缛,不惜工本,令人叹为观止。

Pastel porcelain is a new variety of overglaze color created on the basis of the five colors of Kangxi and influenced by the enamel color making process. It was first seen in the late Kangxi period and became popular in the later dynasties. It is applied to the base of the burnt glaze with arsenic. It is painted with brush and washed with the brush. The color of the glaze is produced due to the effect of arsenic. The reign of Emperor Qianlong was the heyday of social development in the Qing Dynasty, especially in the field of art. Jingdezhen imperial kiln gathered a generation of famous teachers and craftsmen, which reached the peak of history in terms of quantity and quality. Therefore, there was "taking samples from the inside and firing them in the Imperial kiln". Among them, the pastels were developed from red and white to a variety of colors. Pastel is one of the most important varieties of porcelain in the Qianlong Dynasty. On the basis of Yongzheng porcelain, there is a new breakthrough. It has exquisite shape, colorful, rich patterns, cumbersome workmanship and no cost.

 

清雍正朝,粉彩进入盛期。雍正粉彩在康熙粉彩的基础上有很大发展,无论造型、彩绘技法还是纹饰,都达到空前的高度,堪称粉彩瓷器的代表作。官、民窑同时大量生产,精细的官窑制品可与珐琅彩比美。之所以取得这样的成就,首先是它的地釉质量好,无论白度还是透明度都超过了明代永乐的白釉,经测定,雍正粉彩盘的瓷胎白度达到77.5%。陶瓷史家陈万里先生说过:“雍正白釉之进一步提高,合于釉上施加软彩的要求,因而收到相互为用、相得益彰的效果。”雍正粉彩的彩料配制技术也较高,珐琅彩在烧彩前与烧彩后呈色大致相同,而粉彩颜料则不同,除在红、黑二色外,其他颜色在烧之前无法区别,颜料配制后必须进行试烧,合乎要求后才能正式彩绘,经低温彩烧后,色彩微微凸出釉面,彩面具有晶莹的光泽,有的粉彩纹饰的边际还显现出彩虹般的光晕。粉彩的绘画技法多样,官窑更为考究,有平涂、渲染、没骨、洗、皴、点等,工笔、写意俱全,富有中国画的笔韵。所绘纹饰以花鸟草虫为主。人物故事画多为室内景观,人物线条柔和,仕女体态修长,面目娇美,多衬以几案、绣墩、博古架等室内陈设。画面都留有一定的空白,显示出深远和层次感。还有气势雄伟的山水画,笔法劲健,设色较为浅淡。雍正民窑粉彩的花卉、花鸟纹饰粗犷,人物画中善绘刀马人物或戏剧故事中的情节,色彩凝厚浓艳,胎体厚重,琢器的外底部多为砂底。

In the Yongzheng Dynasty of the Qing Dynasty, pastel entered its heyday. Yongzheng pastel has developed greatly on the basis of Kangxi pastel. It has reached an unprecedented height in terms of modeling, painting techniques and decoration. It can be called a representative work of pastel porcelain. Official and civilian kilns are produced in large quantities at the same time, and fine official kiln products can compare with enamel color. The reason for this achievement is that its ground glaze is of good quality. Both whiteness and transparency exceed the white glaze of Yongle in the Ming Dynasty. After measurement, the whiteness of the porcelain body of Yongzheng pastel plate reaches 77.5%. Mr. Chen Wanli, a ceramic historian, said: "the further improvement of Yongzheng white glaze meets the requirements of applying soft color on the glaze, so it receives the effect of mutual use and mutual benefit." Yongzheng pastel also has a high color material preparation technology. The color of enamel before and after firing is roughly the same, while pastel pigments are different. Except for red and black, other colors cannot be distinguished before firing. Trial firing must be carried out after pigment preparation, and formal color painting can be carried out only after meeting the requirements. After low-temperature color firing, the color slightly protrudes from the glaze, and the color surface has crystal luster, The edge of some pastel patterns also shows a rainbow like halo. Pastel painting techniques are diverse, and Guanyao is more exquisite, including flat painting, rendering, boneless, washing, chapping, dots, etc. it has both fine brushwork and freehand brushwork, which is rich in the charm of Chinese painting. The painted patterns are mainly flowers, birds, grass and insects. Figure story paintings are mostly indoor landscapes, with soft lines, slender ladies and beautiful faces. They are mostly lined with several cases, embroidered piers, Bogu shelves and other indoor furnishings. The pictures are left with a certain blank, showing a far-reaching and hierarchical sense. There are also magnificent landscape paintings with strong strokes and light colors. The pastel flowers, flowers and birds in Yongzheng folk kilns are rough, and the figure paintings are good at drawing knife and horse characters or the plot in drama stories. The color is thick and colorful, the carcass is thick, and the outer bottom of the carving ware is mostly sand bottom.

 

粉彩瓷是珐琅彩之外,清宫廷又一创烧的彩瓷。在烧好的胎釉上施含砷物的粉底,涂上颜料后用笔洗开,由于砷的乳蚀作用颜色产生粉化效果。在众多的清宫廷粉彩瓷中,慈禧粉彩简单率直,浓笔艳抹,富贵豪华而别具一格。

Pastel porcelain is another color porcelain created and burned by the Qing palace in addition to enamel color. The base of the burnt glaze is applied with arsenic. The pigment is painted and washed with a brush. The color of the glaze is produced due to the emulsion effect of arsenic. Among the numerous Qing palace pink colored porcelain, Cixi pink is simple and straightforward, rich and luxurious, and unique.

 

此粉彩婴戏纹人物故事天球瓶,腹部绘粉彩饰婴戏纹,孩子童俏皮跃然于瓶身。藏品通体精准,釉面肥厚,釉色光洁滋润且均匀有致,富有光泽。造型优美、釉色匀称。外表光滑,开片均匀,远观近观都有让人陶醉的感觉,值得珍藏!底款:大清雍正年制。

This celestial bottle of the character story of the pink baby play pattern is painted with the pink baby play pattern on the abdomen, and the child is playful and leaping in the bottle. The collection is accurate, the glaze is thick, the glaze color is smooth, moist, uniform and shiny. Beautiful shape and uniform glaze color. The appearance is smooth and the opening is even. It makes people intoxicated from a distance and close. It is worth collecting! Bottom payment: made in Yongzheng of the Qing Dynasty.

 

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